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De La Salle College Online - INSPIRING THE IMAGINATION AND SEEKING NEW HEIGHTS
10SCI Genetics and Evolution
​Genetics and Evolution is part of Living World  (Biology)
NZ Curriculum Level 5

Leads into Year 11 NCEA Level 1 AS1.9 Genetics

What you need to know

Genetics and Evolution 10B checklist.docx
click to download
DNA
-Describe the structure of DNA
-Explain why the complementary base pair rule is important
-Explain the relationship between chromosomes, DNA and genes

INHERITANCE
-Explain what alleles are and relate them to genes
-Predict offspring characteristics inherited using a punnet square. 
-Explain the effect of mutations
-Identify differences between sexual and asexual reproduction
-Explain causes of genetic variation
-Explain the difference between continuous and discontinuous variation
-Explain why variation is important in a population for survival
-Learn what cloning means in genetics

SELECTION
-Explain natural selection
-Explain artificial selection
-Understand theory of evolution proposed by Darwin
-Describe how living things have changed over time
-Explain how fossils are used as evidence and understand the timescale.

Key words

DNA
Double helix
Nucleotides
Bases
Sugar
Phosphate
chromosomes
genes
Karyotypes
nucleus 
alleles
Punnet squares
Traits
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Dominant
Recessive
Phenotype
Genotype 
mutations
Mutagens
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
Continuous variation
Discontinuous variation
Survival of the fittest
cloning
natural selection
artificial selection
theory of evolution
fossils 

Resources

DNA
INHERETANCE
SELECTION